characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108


  • Hardcover
  • 428
  • The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies
  • Robert M. Citino
  • English
  • 24 March 2018
  • 9780700614103

Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download

characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Time and time again Citino focuses on operational warfare to demonstrate continuity in German military campaigns from the time of Elector Frederick Wilhelm and his great sleigh drive against the Swedes to the age of Adolf Hitler and the blitzkrieg to the gates of Moscow Along the way he undersc. Prussian German war machine has always fascinated historians and military buffs alike They were either sweeping the battlefield and winning German wars of unification or putting up so much of a fight that it took a coalition of most powerful states to finally bring them down WW1 WW2Citino asks himself is there a German way of war that makes them such formidable force unlike any other Is there some secret ingredient that makes German armies so strong He answers yes and identifies 3 key components or principles of German way of war German here means Brandenburg Prussia and unified Germany1 Wars must be short and sharp hit the enemy with full force as soon as possible and win a decissive victory as soon as possible as well because economy and population levels can t sustain long attritional wars against bigger richer states2 Operational and strategic mobility of armies While Citino concentrates on operational level that is moving your army on the battlefield to hit enemy in flanks or rear strategic mobility is important as well as Frederick the Great proved when he moved his armies all over the place3 When in doubt attack Commanders have to be agressive their task is to find enemy and destroy it Commanders have a strong degree of autonomy specially important later when armies became too big to be commanded by a single person and often operated divided into several parts with spotty and slow communication between themCitino then looks at German military history to prove his points Star performer is of course Frederick the Great specially during 7 years war War which ironically was not short violating 1 principle He proves that Frederick acted agressively and used mobility to full extent gaining upper hand Napoleonic wars and wars of german unification are given same tretment pointing out where principles were applied and how it lead to successCitino tries to answer why Germany failed in WW1 answer being agressiveness was lacking at key moments at key points which led to loss of mobility trench warfare and long attritional war which Germany was doomed to loose 1 principleOne could accuse Citino of cherry picking evidence eg Second Silesian war is given only a passing mention however he tries to explain defeats Jena Ausrstadt opening phase of WW1 west as failing to follow the 3 principles My biggest problem is with conclusion mostly two key pointsFirst Citino ends his analysis with German failure at the gates of Moscow in december 1941 On one hand he makes a case that post WW1 German development rested on regaining mobility on strategicoperational level Motorization combined arms doctrine and better communications allowed Germans to advance rapidly outpacing less motorized enemies and unhinge them something with which I agree However failure at Moscow was not a failure of such concept it was problem of distance tenacity of Red Army massive mobilization capability of Soviet Union weather etc However in next 2 years Germans tried to regain that ability Opening phase of 1942 summer offensive Case Blau saw Wehrmacht once again advancing rapidly shocking Soviets Same with 1943 Kursk offensive where Germns tried once again to regain mobility breaking into Soviet rear area and mauling assembled forces Opening phases of these two offensive show that there was nothing inherently wrong with german doctrine what doomed them were other factors These two cases should be included as well because they showed Germans stuck to their doctrine and also why this doctrine failed in the end It failed becasue Soviets were able to deny Germans their mobility first in the ruins of Stalingrad which also hampered combined arms close air and artillery support was less effective because of close proximity of forces then next year by throwing so many obstacles in front of Germans they simply ran out of steam But even so Kharkov counteroffensive Manstein t counterstroke showed that when Germans held the mobility edge and acted agressively they could come on topSecond is that Citino doesn t or refuses to see a direct heir of German approach Israel After it was created Israel followed German principles to the letter that is 1948 49 war does not fall into this cathegory but rest do Short wars start with massive blow battlefield agressivness And you can even see constant German problem that is field commanders acting on their own even without or against orders from higher command Even as late as 1982 Lebanon war Sharon ran his own show hoodwinking Israeli government and outright lying about his intentions Israeli defence minsiter has somewhat different position than in other western contries Even when war opened with Israel on the defensive 1973 battlefield agressiveness was obvious with IDF trying with counter attack right away at Sinai within hours of war s start even when situation was far from clear I can t say if this is due to the fact that Citino focuses so much on German tree that he can t see forrest around it or because he doesn t want to euate anything Israeli with anything German for obvious reasons but omission is telling either way and points to Citino s partial failure at final analysisOverall a decent if somewhat superficial analysis I d recomend it as a way to auire understanding of basic currents of German war making doctrine thinking and performance and applying them when studying either past conflict in detail As I said Citiono identifies what makes German Way of War so special but then fails to apply those elements wider

Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. CitinoThe German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies

characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Ores the role played by the Prussian army in elevating a small vulnerable state to the ranks of the European powers describes how nineteenth century victories over Austria and France made the German army the most respected in Europe and reviews the lessons learned from the trenches of World War. A fantastic sweeping overview of the PrussianGerman war history of the last 400 years Insightful relating the Prussian historical teachings of techniues and strategies to both modern German war efforts and also American admirers of the German way of war An approachable easy read with plenty of references for those looking to dive deeper into specifics

characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies

characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 For Frederick the Great the prescription for warfare was simple kurz und vives short and lively wars that relied upon swift powerful and decisive military operations Robert Citino takes us on a dramatic march through Prussian and German military history to show how that primal theme played out. Robert Citino s book is a very good compendium of the art of making war according to the Prussian Germans from the 17th century to the 20th The common thread that links all the wars of the Prussian and later German state during that time period is a basic concept called Bewegungskrieg in German or or less translated as war of movement in EnglishThis concept does in fact recovers a number of other aspects as the war of movement aims at attacking the flank or rear of the enemy in order to keep the wars short and lively kurz and vives and done through Auftragstaktic or flexible commandCitino s analyzes highlights of the major Prussian German wars during three centuries to demonstrate these most important aspects of the German war making and also shows how the Germans usually got defeated when they could not fight their wars as per this model His writing is fluid enough considering the dry topic and he especially pays attention to the human factor by describing in details the actual impact of specific personalities on the evolution of this art of war starting from the Great Elector going through Frederick the Great Moltke Schlieffen and Guderian to name a fewRecommended reading for anyone with an interest in the history of European wars


10 thoughts on “characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

  1. says: characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Robert Citino is one of the leading historians of the German Army in the period 1919 1945 although he has extended his scop

  2. says: Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies Robert Citino's book is a very good compendium of the art of making war according to the Prussian Germans from the 17th century to the 20th The common thread that links all the wars of the Prussian and later German state during that time period is a basic concept called Bewegungskrieg in German or or less translated as war of movement in EnglishThis concept does in fact recovers a number of other aspects as the war of movement aim

  3. says: characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 At first I'm sorry to say that I don't like North American authors when they speak about European History Lots of them do a very shallow job to understand our way of thinking our cultures even our languages Some of them may be too nationalist in their essays when they speak about a nation with not even 250 years of historyBUT Citi

  4. says: Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Prussian German war machine has always fascinated historians and military buffs alike They were either sweeping the battlefield and winning German wars of unification or putting up so much of a fight that it took a coalition of most powerful states to finally bring them down WW1 WW2Citino asks himself is there a German way of war that makes them such formidable force unlike any other? Is there some secret ingredient that makes G

  5. says: Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download

    characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Kurz und vives short and lively If one had to pick a catchphrase to describe the typical fashion in which German armies tended to wage wars this is likely the one you would chose And as author Robert Citino showcases it would be uite apt To be fair the title is a tad of a misnomer we can't even properly call it 'German' warfare until 1871 or at the close of the Franco Prussian War and the creation of the German Empire Rather up

  6. says: characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino

    Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download To some degree your mileage with this book may vary depending on how much you buy into the ways of war school of thought that argues that various nations have identifiable ways of war on the operational level that can be analyzed and comparedEven if you disagree with that premise Citino's work has much to offer Essentially he argues that German and before that Prussian wars have always attempted to be short

  7. says: characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download Citino presents the history of the Prussian Army small surrounded and feudal Geography left Prussia with fewer resources than it's powerful neighbors and meant that if it was to survive as a nation it needed to be aggressive and fight short wars It couldn't survive wars of attrition WWI was just one of the wars

  8. says: characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108

    Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies A fantastic sweeping overview of the PrussianGerman war history of the last 400 years Insightful relating the Prussian historical teachings of techniues and strategies to both modern German war efforts and also American admirers of the German way of war An approachable easy read with plenty of references for those looking to dive deeper into specifics

  9. says: characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Robert M. Citino æ 8 Read & Download

    characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 A little too selective in its choice of battles and ridiculously blinkered in its definition of German

  10. says: characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 Free download ↠ eBook, ePUB or Kindle PDF æ Robert M. Citino

    characters The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies characters ✓ The German Way of War From the Thirty Years' War to the Third Reich Modern War Studies 108 I'm hit or miss with this particular historian Up front there are parts of this book that unless you are REALLY into pre 20th Century military history you're skimming Most of the utility here in my opinion is in the big picture strategic thought recorded by men like Clausewitz Moltke and Schlieffen The rest of the reall

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